The traffic calming regulations state the legal definitions, what can be used to form traffic calming measures and where they may be placed on the highway.
At only three pages long, the regulations are accurate and specific.
At section 7(1) all the features that may be used sepeately or in combination are stated:
Features which may be included in traffic calming works
A traffic calming work may include for a purpose referred to in sub-paragraph (2) below provision on it or any part of it or on the adjacent highway of –
(b) paving, grass or other covering,
(c) pillars, bollards, planters, walls, rails or fences,
(d) objects or structures spanning the highway, or
(e) trees, shrubs or other plants.
This clearly shows that landscape rather than additional signs and ugly fences and bollards may be used. Thus a sense of place and place-making can be enhanced by sensitively designed traffic calming. The Regulations also explain the purpose of traffic calming, including preserving or improving the environment through which the highway passes.
(a) making the traffic calming work conspicuous.
(b) enhancing the effect of traffic calming work,
(c) promoting safety of persons using the highway, or
(d) preserving or improving the environment through which the highway passes.